Frontiers in Psychology will be publishing a Special Issue on “Why People Gossip and What it Brings About: Motives for, and Consequences of, Informal Evaluative Information Exchange.”
The call for papers is available at https://www.frontiersin.org/research-topics/7666/why-people-gossip-and-what-it-brings-about-motives-for-and-consequences-of-informal-evaluative-infor
The deadline for abstract submissions is August 24, 2018, and full paper submissions will be due on Nov 23, 2018. Submissions can be uploaded via https://www.frontiersin.org/submissioninfo
Myriam Bechtoldt (mailto:email@example.com ), EBS University of Business and Law; Bianca Beersma (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org ), VU University Amsterdam; Maria Dijkstra, (mailto:email@example.com ), VU University Amsterdam
The guest editors of this special issue can answer any questions and can be contacted directly at the email addresses above.
The (randomly) selected focus publication for February/March 2018 is:
Vincze, L., Gasiorek, J., & Dragojevic, M. (2017). Little chance for divergence: The role of interlocutor language constraint in online bilingual accommodation. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 27(3), 608–620. doi: 10.1111/ijal.12164
Drawing on communication accommodation theory, the present paper explored how affective (i.e. identity related) and cognitive (i.e. comprehension related) motives drive young Swedish‐speaking Finns to use Swedish in online communication when interacting with Finnish speakers. Questionnaire data were collected among Swedish‐speaking secondary school students (N = 124). A Bayesian moderated mediation revealed that the use of Swedish was guided both by cognitive and affective motives. Furthermore, affective motives were stronger predictors of language behaviour in cases where participants did not perceive they were restricted by interlocutors’ competence in Swedish. However, a similar effect was not detected for cognitive motives. Findings and their theoretical implications are discussed with respect to bilingual accommodation.
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As part of an ongoing effort to promote the research conducted by IALSP members, this is a biannual post highlighting member publications. Here, you can download a list of research by IALSP members that was published between July and December of 2017.
IALSP Member Publications July to December 2017 [PDF]
The (randomly) selected focus publication for January 2018 is:
Penzel, I. B., Persich, M. R., Boyd, R. L., & Robinson, M. D. (2017). Linguistic evidence for the failure mindset as a predictor of lifespan longevity. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 51(3), 348-355.
Background: When people think that their efforts will fail to achieve positive outcomes, they sometimes give up their efforts after control, which can have negative health consequences.
Purpose: Problematic orientations of this type, such as pessimism, helplessness, or fatalism, seem likely to be associated with a cognitive mindset marked by higher levels of accessibility for failure words or concepts. Thus, the purpose of the present research was to determine whether there are individual differences in the frequency with which people think about failure, which in turn are likely to impact health across large spans of time.
Methods: Following self-regulatory theories of health and the learned helplessness tradition, two archival studies (total n = 197) scored texts (books or speeches) for their use of failure words, a category within the Harvard IV dictionary of the General Inquirer.
Results: People who used failure words more frequently exhibited shorter subsequent life spans, and this relationship remained significant when controlling for birth year. Furthermore, study 2 implicated behavioral factors. For example, the failure/longevity relationship was numerically stronger among people whose causes of death appeared to be preventable rather than non-preventable.
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The (randomly) selected focus publication for December 2017 is:
Ladegaard, H. J. (2017) Workplace narratives. In B. Vine (Ed.), Handbook of language in the workplace (pp. 242-257). London: Routledge.
People use stories to recount and reflect on their lives, and as a means to connect with other people. This chapter outlines some of the major characteristics of narrative, and it discusses the main functions of storytelling in the workplace. Drawing on two large corpora of workplace talk and migrant worker narratives, it explores some of the well-documented functions of workplace narratives: amusement, ingroup-outgroup distinctiveness, and ingroup cohesiveness. It also explores some lesser-known functions: establishing corporate values, and exposing and alienating the cultural ‘other’. Finally, the chapter considers narrative as a safe ‘venue’ for talking about traumatic workplaces experiences.
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