Posted by & filed under Member Publications.

The (randomly) selected focus publication for July 2020 is:

Close, E., White, B.P., Willmott, L., Gallois, C., Parker, M., Graves, N., & Winch, S. (2019). Doctors’ perceptions of how resource limitations relate to futility in end-of-life decision making: A qualitative analysis. Journal of Medical Ethics, 45, 373-379.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To increase knowledge of how doctors perceive futile treatments and scarcity of resources at the end of life. In particular, their perceptions about whether and how resource limitations influence end‐of‐life decision making. This study builds on previous work that found some doctors include resource limitations in their understanding of the concept of futility.

Setting: Three tertiary hospitals in metropolitan Brisbane, Australia.

Design: Qualitative study using in‐depth, semi‐structured, face‐to‐face interviews. Ninety‐six doctors were interviewed in eleven medical specialties. Transcripts of the interviews were analysed using thematic analysis.

Results: Doctors’ perceptions of whether resource limitations were relevant to their practice varied, and doctors were more comfortable with explicit rather than implicit rationing. Several doctors incorporated resource limitations into their definition of futility. For some, availability of resources was one factor of many in assessing futility, secondary to patient considerations, but a few doctors indicated that the concept of futility concealed rationing. Doctors experienced moral distress due to the resource implications of providing futile treatment and the lack of administrative supports for bedside rationing.

Conclusions: Doctors’ ability to distinguish between futility and rationing would be enhanced through regulatory support for explicit rationing, and strategies to support doctors’ role in rationing at the bedside. Medical policies should address the distinction between resource limitations and futility to promote legitimacy in end‐of‐life decision making.

Posted by & filed under Member Opportunities.

The Journal of Language and Social Psychology is announcing a new Special Issue, for which they are seeking co-Editors:


“THE LEGACY OF GEORGE FLOYD:Language, Communication, d Social Psychological Perspectives toward CHANGE and SOCIAL JUSTICE”

In just the last few weeks, almost the entire world has been rocked, shocked, and saddened by the nature of the passing of George Floyd. Arguably and subsequently, it has brought out both the best in some, and the worst in others. People talk of the death of Mr. Floyd and the aftermath as being the “tipping point” after hundreds of years of social injustice. While some are pessimistic that any significant changes will emerge in the wake of similar events in the past, there are, gratifyingly, some significant and immediate signs of the seeds of change in police reform as well as in addressing institutional racism. The JLSP, IALSP, and SAGE wish to foster academic contributions to, and a forum for, the latter.

Hence, I invite nominations (self- or from others) for one or two scholars who would be committed to working with me as Co-Guest Editors on developing the above, including the crafting of a Call for Papers for widespread distribution. In addition, I invite scholars who would be willing to work with us as Members of a Guest Editorial Board not only in reviewing submitted papers, but also assisting in creating our collaborative vision for this enterprise.

If interested, contact: Howie Giles, Editor, Journal of Language & Social Psychology at: HowieGiles@cox.net

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The (randomly) selected focus publication for June 2020 is:

Bourhis, R.Y. (2019). Evaluating the impact of Bill 101 on the English-Speaking communities of Quebec. Language Problems and Language Planning, 43, 198-229.

ABSTRACT

Though forty years of language policies much improved the status and use of French in Quebec, laws such as Bill 101 played a role in reducing the demographic and institutional vitality of the English-speaking communities of Quebec (ESCQ). Pro-French laws maintained Francophones at close to 80% of the Quebec population and ensured that 95% of the Quebec population acquired knowledge of French. Language laws contributed to the decline of Anglophone mother tongue speakers from 13% of the population in 1971 to 7.5% in 2016, while increasing to 70% French/English bilingualism amongst Anglophones. With a net interprovincial loss of over 310,000 Anglophones who left Quebec for the rest of Canada (ROC), results show that Anglophones who stayed in Quebec are less educated and earn lower income than Quebec Francophones. Language laws limiting access to English schools succeeded in reducing the size of the English school system from 256, 251 pupils in 1971 (100%) to only 96,235 pupils in 2018 (37%). While the Anglophone minority bemoan their demographic and institutional decline in education, health care, and government services, many Francophones remains concerned about threats to French by bilingualism in Montreal and their minority status in Canada and North America.

Posted by & filed under Member Opportunities.

Established by the Research Grants Council (RGC) of Hong Kong in 2009, the Hong Kong PhD Fellowship Scheme (HKPFS) is seeking international students to apply as new full-time PhD students in UGC-funded universities. Applicants should demonstrate outstanding qualities of academic performance (including a high GPA and high honors classification if applicable), research ability (as evidenced by conference and journal publications), strong English communication skills, and leadership abilities. Please see https://cerg1.ugc.edu.hk/hkpfs/index.html for more information. 

The Fellowship provides an annual stipend HK$309,600 (approximately US$39,700) and a conference and research-related travel allowance HK$12,900 (approximately US$1,700) to each awardee for a period of up to three years. More than 200 PhD Fellowships are awarded each academic year. If you are interested in this program, please write to the academic you would like to supervise you well in advance of the deadline (which is usually at the end of November) and explain how your research fits in and extends with their research area. This will allow you to get feedback and submit a strong, well-written research proposal. 

Staff in The Department of English at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University have expertise in the following research areas: 1) Language & Professional Communication (including health communication); 2) Language Teaching & Learning; 3) Linguistics, English Language and Systemic Functional Linguistics; 4) Media & Communication; 5) Area Studies and Intercultural Communication. Applicants are strongly encouraged to contact relevant members in the Department to discuss their research proposal (https://www.polyu.edu.hk/engl/people/academic-staff/ ).

Please see https://www.polyu.edu.hk/engl/current-students/pg-research-prog/hong-kong-phd-fellowship-scheme/ for more information.

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The (randomly) selected focus publication for May 2020 is:

Honeycutt, J., & Harwood, J. (2019). Using music therapy and imagined interaction to cope with stress. In J. Honeycutt (Ed.), Promoting mental health through imagery and imagined interactions (pp. 73-92). New York, NY: Peter Lang.

ABSTRACT

Music affects moods and emotion and can help people in dealing with stress. Music therapy has been shown to reduce pain and cope with depression. In fact, the ISO (Incremental Sound Organizer) principle of music therapy reveals how people’s emotions can change while listening to a medley of music. Research is reviewed in which people have imagined interactions while listening to music as memories are recalled. Music is used to maintain relationships as couples often have their own song. Music fulfills the catharsis function of imagined interactions as people release anxiety or tension. Music serves numerous functions, which can be subsumed into 1) achieving self-awareness, 2) expressing social relatedness, and 3) regulating, arousal and mood. Respectively, these functions are similar to the II features of valence, self-understanding, and relational maintenance. Music could have emerged as a form of coalition signaling by using music in groups, we signal to others that our group is organized, resource-rich, synchronized, and “in tune” (both literally and metaphorically) with one another.